The following article appeared on 12 September 1794 in the Glasgow Advertiser. The number of geographical, historical and typographical errors in it made me wonder the just how well informed the people of Glasgow were about their friends across the pond.
How many errors can you spot (tweet errors with #MennonMistakes)? You can see my attempt to tag in truth at the bottom of this XML file.
The laws of the State of Pennsylvania, and that of
Massachusetts, by which the punishment of death is abo
lished, in all cases except for wilful murder, are about
to be adopted by the respective Legislatures of all the
other States. The system of the great and merciful ???
caria, has taken place of the sanguinary Penal laws of
The abolition of Negro slavery, which has taken shape
in the five New England States of New Hampshire,
Massachusets, Rhode island, Connecticut, and Vermont;
in the Midland States of New York, New Jersey, Penn
sylvania, and Delawar; and in the Western State of
Kentucky, for several years past is now extended, by act
of Congress to the Southern States of Virginia, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Maryland; and
the emancipation of the remainder of that unfortunate
race of men is to take place on or before the fifth of No
The Legislature of the State of Massachusetts has g???
ed a part of the public lands to the emancipated Negroes
of that State, in proportion to the numbers of the re
spective families, where the liberal and philanthropic
mind is gratified, by seeing them erect villages cultivate
farms, and form communities of civilized Societies.
Before the Gentleman, who has favoured us with this
Intelligence, left America, they had established a Lodge
of Masonry; and he had the satisfaction of seeing them
on a grand day, parade to Church in all the magnifi
cence of the Order, where a sermon was preached, on
the occasion, by one of their own colour. They have
also endowed public schools, employed ??? and
erected places of Public Worship.
The Officers, Non-commissioned Officers, and Soldiers,
who served in the Continental army and established the
Liberty of their Country, have at last received a reward,
infinitely beyond their expectations, but every way cor
responding with the liberty of a great and rising Republic.
Five hundred acres of land have been voted by Con
gress, this last Session, to each individual, who served
throughout the war; and to the defendants of those
who fell in contending for the Rights of Nature, and e
equal proportion to those who served for a shorter period;
and to prevent its being sold at a price under its real
value, to the injury of the Patriotic Veteran, as has
been the case of former grants, he is allowed his option
of taking its value in sterling money, at the present
market price, from the Treasure of the States; or any
part in land, and the rest in money,a s may be most
agreeable to the receiver.
The Mint of the United States, which was establish
ed two years since, has begun to issue its hold and silver
coin: the copper has been delivered some time. The
gold coins are eagles, half eagles, and quarter eagles.
The first is exactly five and forty shillings, English
money, or ten American coin.
The dollars are coined in the same divisions of half,
and quater, which makes the courie of exchange simple,
and suits the reckoning to a very capacity—as our Read
ers will perceive, that ten quarter dollars make the quar
ter eagle; ten half dollars the half eagle; and ten dol
lars the eagle.
There is, besides, one more silver coin, which is cal
led a Dime, and is the tenth part of a dollar.
The copper coin is called a Cent, and is the tenth
part of a Dime.
Six of the ships of war, which were voted by Con
gress in November last, are completed and put in com
mission: the remaining twenty four will be ready by
Midsummer next, and will complete a fleet of ???
The city of Washington, which in five years more
will be the Capital of the United States, will in every
respect be the first in the world: the Capitol or Con
gress House is situated upon a beautiful eminence, and
c??? a full and complete view of every part of
the city, as well as a considerable extent of the country
around. The President’s house likewise stands upon a
rising ground near the banks of the Potamac, possessing
a delightful water prospect, together with a commanding
view of the Capitol and some other material parts of the
From the President’s house to the Capitol, run two
great pleasure parks or malls, which intersect and ter
minate upon the banks of the Potomac, and are orna
mented at the sides by elegant buildings for Foreign Mi
nisters. The four fronts of the Capitol, as well as those
of the President’s house, are of the finest marble. The
building of these superb edifices has been much retarded
by the want of stone cutters, masons, bricklayers, car
penters, and blacksmiths, who at this time actually re
ceive the enormous wages of ten shillings American
currency per day.
The district of Country at the back of North Caro
lina, reaching to the Mississippi, and covering a country
six hundred miles long by three hundred broad, is next
winter to be formed into a Sixteenth State; and the
Province of Maine, extending from the borders of New
Hampshire to the river St. Croix, is expected to form a
The new cities build in America since her indepen
dence are Grenville, in the State of Georgia; Marten
berg, the Capitol of North Carolina; Columbia, the
Capital of South Carolina; Noxville and Nashville, in
the Tenesee Settlements; Danville, Fairfield, and Lex
ington, in the State of Kentucky; Washington, the
Capital of the United States; Sunbury, in the State of
Pennsylvania; Hudson, upon Husdon’s River, and Coo
per’s Town, in the State of New York; Bennington, in
the State of Vermont; and Paterson, in the State of
New Jersey. All the towns burnt by the English in the
was, have been rebuilt, and the old cities of Charlestown,
Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, and Boston, have
been extended to more than double the extent they had
before the peace.
The population of the United States, by the last Cen
sus in 1790, was more than double what it was in 1775,
by which it appears, that America doubles her number
of people every fifteen years. The emigrations from
the different nations in Europe to that country, are esi
mated at one hundred and sixty thousand annually. The
increase of farms and villages has been so great as to
people four new States, and to extend their Settlements
from the Atlantic to the Ohio in the South, and from
the Atlantic to the Lakes on the River St. Lawrence in